The Religious Society of Friends Quakers was the first corporate body in Britain and North America to fully condemn slavery as both ethically and religiously wrong in all circumstances. It is in Quaker records that we have some of the earliest manifestations of anti-slavery sentiment, dating from the s. After the s, Quakers actively engaged in attempting to sway public opinion in Britain and America against the slave trade and slavery in general. At the same time, Quakers became actively involved in the economic, educational and political well being of the formerly enslaved. The earliest anti-slavery organizations in America and Britain consisted primarily of members of the Society of Friends. Thus much of the record of the development of anti-slavery thought and actions is embedded in Quaker-produced records and documents. Merion Protest, Uncle Tom’s Cabin. George et Elisa Chez les Quakers. Destruction of Pennsylvania Hall.
London CNN Business Two major British companies have acknowledged their historic ties to the slave trade and pledged new financial support to black and minority ethnic communities. Chat with us in Facebook Messenger. Find out what’s happening in the world as it unfolds. More Videos See UK protesters tear down slave trader statue. See what Tulsa’s Black Wall Street has become.
The portrait of the two women is highly unusual in 18th-century British art for Dido lived at a time when the transatlantic slave trade was at its height, and.
Our longevity is an extraordinary achievement, especially against the backdrop of multiple financial crises, international conflicts, and the agricultural, industrial and now technological revolutions. This story is best told through our rich archive of photographs, ledgers, letters, minute books, equipment and a range of, in some cases unexpected, curiosities housed in the Barclays Group Archives in Manchester, UK. The material in these archives is unique, irreplaceable and priceless.
The archives allow us to share those stories. East Anglia has long been a Barclays heartland, nurturing the Gurney family of banks since the mid 18th century. The Gurneys proved pivotal in the establishment of Barclays as we know it today.
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Why America banned the slave trade before Britain, but Britain was able to This is how the U.S. and the U.K. both took steps to stop slavery in , Paris Hilton and whoever was dating that dude from Sum ruled all.
Letters and papers revealing in detail how human beings were priced for sale during the 18 th century Transatlantic Slave Trade have been made available to researchers and the public. The collection contains the business exchanges of an 18 th century English landowner, William Philip Perrin, who ran a sugar plantation near Kingston, Jamaica. In it, Perrin and his correspondents discussed in callously practical terms the human cargo that was being shipped to the West Indies at the height of the Transatlantic Slave Trade, a time when the equivalent of millions of pounds were changing hands as slaves were bought and sold.
While the College already holds a wide-ranging collection of material dealing with the anti-slavery movement, these documents tell the other, rarely-discussed side of the story, by providing an insight into the wealth and influence that lay behind the pro-slavery lobby. The collection is being added to an extensive range of material, already held by the College Library, dealing with the political and social conflicts faced by the anti-slavery campaigners in the fight for Abolition.
This is made available both to researchers studying the period, and also used as part of educational activities with schools, enabling students to examine primary sources and discover the historic significance of the Abolitionist movement. Though appalling to modern eyes, for those involved these were matter-of-fact business transactions: a routine part of the 18 th century economy in which business magnates made substantial profits from commodities produced by slave labour and their customers benefited from cheap goods.
In opposing the traffic in human cargo, Clarkson, Wilberforce and the Abolitionists were challenging powerful vested interests. Among letters and bills of sale specifying property disputes, shipping preparations and customs duties, are chilling details revealing the ubiquity and commercialisation of slavery and the vast industry it supported. Many anti-slavery campaigns were grassroots efforts by ordinary people, while the pro-slavery lobby had significant wealth and influence they could use to exert pressure on Parliament.
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In June, during worldwide protests against systemic racism and police brutality in solidarity with the Black Lives Matter movement following the killing of George Floyd, racist statues found themselves toppled. Sculptures and statues of slave traders and owners, colonizers, oppressors, and makers of racist policies from Christopher Columbus to Confederate General Robert E. Lee were pulled down by protesters as a means to remove these looming figures from public spaces — here are 15 great photos of some rather creatively vandalized ones.
One of these statues was that of 17th century English slave trader and former member of Parliament Edward Colston, a bronze sculpture which was dragged through the streets of Bristol, England by protesters and thrown in the Avon river. And now, after standing in the square since , it’s been replaced — by a statue of Black Lives Matter protester Jen Reid. According to the Guardian , the black resin and steel statue was erected in the early morning by ten people who had been working with Quinn on the project.
The team was reportedly able to install the statue before authorities arrived. Reid, the publisher reports, attended the march on June 7 and was one of the protesters who removed the statue of Colston and ensured it found its way to the river. A photograph of Reid had been taken afterwards, when she stood on the empty plinth with her fist raised. According to the BBC , Quinn saw the photo and contacted Reid through social media to work on the project. It was like an electrical charge of power was running through me.
This sculpture is about making a stand for my mother, for my daughter, for Black people like me. The statue of Colson was retrieved from the water by Bristol City Council several days after it was thrown, and Mayor Marvin Rees confirmed plans to display it in a museum along with signs from the Black Lives Matter protest.
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Elizabeth Warren told a town-hall audience in Jackson, Miss., Monday that “it’s time to start the national, full-blown conversation” about slavery.
In the biggest deportation in history, slave traders took millions of African men, women and children from their homes and transported them mainly to the Americas. This was an appalling and shameful period of British history, as well as our own. As well as promising financial support to charities promoting opportunity for black and ethnic minorities, the company has promised to invest in programmes to attract black and minority ethnic talent, and to review its artefacts to ensure they are not racist.
Records show Benjamin Greene, who held at least people in slavery, was an enthusiastic supporter of the practice and argued against its abolition. The reparations come as the UK and countries around the world are rocked by Black Lives Matter protests that sprung up following the death in the US of unarmed black man George Floyd at the hands of police. Daily newsletter Receive essential international news every morning. The content you requested does not exist or is not available anymore.
About the project
There are concepts for reparations in legal philosophy and reparations in transitional justice. Reparations can take numerous forms, including: individual monetary payments, settlements, scholarships, waiving of fees, and systemic initiatives to offset injustices, land-based compensation related to independence, apologies and acknowledgements of the injustices,  token measures, such as naming a building after someone, or the removal of monuments and renaming of streets that honor slave owners and defenders of slavery.
There are many instances of reparations for slavery relating to the Atlantic slave trade dating back to the at least in North America  , with a growing list of modern day examples of Reparations for slavery in the United States in as the call for reparations in the US has been bolstered by protests around police brutality and other cases of systemic racism in the US. Despite many calls for reparations, examples of international reparations for slavery consist of recognition of the injustice of slavery and apologies for involvement but no material compensation.
The National Archives (UK): The Abolition of Slavery abolitionists would continue campaigning against the trade of slaves after this date.
The dates listed below have different categories as denoted by the letters in the brackets following each date. Here is a key to explain those letter codes:. What is this? In the possession of William Whitehorne Lawrence as owner [11 births, 14 deaths, other increase in enslaved people described as enrolled by him as assignee of Joseph Gordon and purchased at the Deputy Marshal’s sale].
In the possession of Hamilton Brown as receiver of Lawrence Park Estate [decrease in enslaved people due to transfer of 14 to the children of W W Lawrence]. Member of the Baillie of Dochfour family. One of over drawings of landscapes and enslaved people in Jamaica by William Berryman, Lawrence Park Jamaica St Ann. William Whitehorne Lawrence. Hamilton Brown. Jamaica St Ann Lawrence Park.
Rise in UK trafficking, slavery and exploitation
Five collections incorporating pamphlets, narratives, personal accounts. A digital collection of the David M. African Origins contains information about the migration histories of Africans forcibly carried on slave ships into the Atlantic. Using the personal details of 91, Africans liberated by International Courts of Mixed Commission and British Vice Admiralty Courts, this resource makes possible new geographic, ethnic, and linguistic data on peoples captured in Africa and pulled into the slave trade.
This section of the memory project includes 17 discrete collections. The Anti-Slavery Literature Project encompasses slave narratives, lectures, travel accounts, political tracts, prose fiction, poetry, drama, religious and philosophical literature, compendia, journals, manifestoes and children’s literature.
business interests that sustained one of the darkest chapters in British history, date from between and , at the time when the Transatlantic Slave.
This website introduces the Lascelles Slavery Archive, which documents part of the history of Caribbean Slavery at the end of the 18th century; the site also documents the process of saving and preserving the authentic records of the past, which are our only guarantee of an authentic human memory to give us individual and collective perspective on our pasts, and insight into our lives today.
The Lascelles slavery archive allows us to see into a number of very different worlds: the worlds of those owning slaves, of the slaves themselves and of the opposing worlds of those who wished to abolish the trade in slaves, and those who wished to retain it. All these worlds are seen through the eyes of one powerful and wealthy family at the heart of the world of those whose wealth was founded on the institution of slavery.
At the same time, these visions of other worlds can prompt us to reflect on slavery today, slavery in different cultures and slavery at different times. Just as the Act to abolish the slave trade did not abolish the trade, so slavery itself continued, sometimes suppressed and removed from one place, only to emerge in a different guise in a different place at a different time. The Lascelles family, now earls of Harewood, had interests in the Caribbean from until , when the family sold its last plantation.
The fullest and most interesting account of their activities is Simon Smith’s study Slavery, family and gentry capitalism in the British Atlantic: the world of the Lascelles, Cambridge Studies in Economic History, Cambridge University press This website is heavily reliant on Smith’s work for much of the information it contains about the Lascelles’ activities.